Nearly 800 thousand victims of the conflict have been compensated so far by the Victims Unit
At the accountability hearing, presented by the entity, significant progress was shown in the implementation of collective reparation measures and a reduction in the delivery of resources necessary to address humanitarian emergencies thanks to the signing of the peace agreement.
With an investment of over 5 billion pesos, the national government, through the Victims Unit, has administratively compensated, since its creation in 2011, about 800 thousand survivors of the conflict, the largest number in the world by this concept.
This was reported by the entity at its public accountability hearing, which presented a review of the work done by their mission areas, in terms of reparation, humanitarian management, inter-institutional management, ethnic issues and information registration and management. The audience was attended by the members of the National Board of Effective Participation of Victims and Nemesio Roys Garzón, Director of the Department for Social Prosperity.
According to the figures of the Unit, in 2015, 115,626 administrative compensations were granted, which means that the number of victims who have been beneficiaries of this reparation measure during the Government of President Juan Manuel Santos amounts to 791,801 people.
"In 2017, the Victims Unit achieved an execution of 97% of its budget, which was 1 billion 806 billion pesos. Of this sum, 95% was allocated to investment expenses and the Reparation Fund, from which the resources for payment of compensation to the victims come out. Only the remaining 5% went to operating expenses, "said the Director of the Unit for Victims, Yolanda Pinto Afanador.
Taking into account budgetary constraints, the Victims Unit has established criteria to prioritize the delivery of compensation to elderly people, people with disabilities and catastrophic illnesses, and victims of sexual violence. Likewise, special attention is paid to the processes of ethnic reparation and the overcoming of the situation of vulnerability.
Of the total of compensated persons, 277,627 have received orientation for an adequate investment of their resources, which allows them to acquire basic notions to make a better administration of the money they receive, and 17,191 were assisted in emotional recovery strategies.
In 2017, the Victims Unit achieved significant progress in terms of collective redress. Taking into account previous evaluations, this strategy was strengthened, which allowed for 137% growth in 2017 in the number of actions implemented in Comprehensive Collective Repair Plans approved by organizations and communities.
Last year, the condition of subjects of collective reparation was recognized for 203 peasant communities, 373 ethnic subjects and 41 organizations, movements and groups. 127 plans have been approved by the competent authorities and in front of 60 of them the prior consultation was installed, in accordance with the existing regulations in relation to ethnic groups.
Two subjects of collective reparation managed to reach one hundred percent of the actions of their collective reparation plans implemented: the community of Pita, in Las Tablas township, municipality of Repelón (Atlántico) and Santa Isabel township, municipality of Curumaní (Cesar).
In terms of assistance and humanitarian aid, the Victims Unit invested in 2017, 783 billion pesos to care for displacement victims and 3,699 million pesos in the delivery of humanitarian assistance to victims of other victimizing acts.
Since 2012, 4.3 billion pesos have been invested in humanitarian assistance to victims, but the most significant in 2017 was that, thanks to the signing of the peace agreement, there was an 87% reduction in the annual resource required to attend humanitarian emergencies. if you compare this year with 2012.
Part of the work of the Unit is to support the victims so that they can be strengthened as autonomous citizens, with participation, incidence and co-responsibility in the public policy that concerns them.
In this sense, the victims are today presented in 1,057 participation tables democratically elected at the municipal, departmental, national and abroad levels. Through these spaces they have the opportunity to influence the public policy of victims at all levels of the State.
One of the most important examples of this incident was that made by the members of National Victims Roundtable in the issuance of legislative acts and laws through which the peace agreement was regulated and in the presentation of a draft consensual law, which seeks the creation of 16 seats for victims of the conflict in the House of Representatives, as established by peace agreement.
The Victims' Unit participates decisively in the implementation of the peace agreement because it considers, as President Santos has said, that the cessation of armed confrontation is the best form of reparation.
See the full accountability report presented by the Victims Unit.